HPE GreenLake API Versioning Basics

HPE GreenLake APIs are versioned. This document provides guidance to help you understand how versioning is identified and what it means.

Because HPE GreenLake is composed of proprietary and industry standard APIs, you may encounter APIs that don't align with the definitions below. In that case, refer to the specific API for more information.

APIs are versioned at the resource collection level. Resource collections may change versions at independent points in time.

Specifying the Version

  • Generally: /<api-group>/version/<resource-collection>
  • Alpha : The version names contain alpha (for example, v1alpha1 , v1alpha2 )
  • Beta : The version names contain beta (for example, v2beta3 , v2beta4 )
  • Stable : The version name is vX where X is an integer of the MAJOR version(for example, v1 , v2 )

Examples:

  • Stable: /iam/v1/<resource-collection>
  • Beta: /iam/v1beta1/<resource-collection>
  • Alpha: /iam/v1alpha1/<resource-collection>

Deprecation and Sunsetting

When a beta or stable Major version is incremented, both the new and old versions of the API are supported concurrently for a period of time:

  • /<api-group>/v1/...
  • /<api-group>/v2/...

The old version of the API is typically considered frozen (with the exception of bug fixes).

Deprecation is indicated using 'Deprecation', 'Sunset', 'Link' response headers and the OpenAPI 'deprecated' section.

Deprecation Header

When the caller makes a request for a deprecated version, this is indicated via the Deprecation response header. The header contains the deprecation date or information about when it will be deprecated as prescribed in this IETF draft

Header JSON Type Value Required?
Deprecation string true if deprecated or date of deprecation (past or future) conforming to RFC 5322 Yes
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Deprecation: <imf-fixdate timestamp> or "true"

Sunset Header

For versions that are expected to become unresponsive at a specific point in the future, the sunset time is indicated using the Sunset header.

Header JSON Type Value Required?
Sunset string RFC 8594. Yes

The timestamp given in the "Sunset" header field is later or the same as the one given in the "Deprecation" header field.

Example:

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Deprecation: Sun, 11 Nov 2018 23:59:59 GMT
Sunset: Wed, 11 Nov 2020 23:59:59 GMT

The example shows that the resource has been deprecated since Sunday, November 11, 2018 at 23:59:59 GMT and its sunset date is Wednesday, November 11, 2020 at 23:59:59 GMT.

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Sunset: <timestamp>

Link Header

The Link header with relation type deprecation or sunset points to the resource documentation that provides additional information about the deprecation of the resource context.

  • The Link header can also contain the following relation types:
    • successor-version that points to a resource containing the successor version.
    • latest-version that points to a resource containing the latest (e.g., current) version.
    • alternate that points to a substitute resource.
Header JSON Type Description Required?
Link string Link to the additional deprecation/sunsetting information. No
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Link: <{link}>; rel="deprecation"; type="text/html"
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Link: <{link}>; rel="sunset"; type="text/html"

OpenAPI Deprecated Section

Deprecated APIs are indicated using the deprecated: true field in the OpenAPI specification:

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  /resource:
    get:
      deprecated: true

Understanding API Version Stages

Feature development proceeds through a series of stages of increasing maturity:

  • alpha
  • beta
  • stable

Each stage has certain expectations and ramifications associated with them. APIs often can be highly mature / stable in one category, but may offer less long-term backwards compatibility support, so they have an overall lower designation.

alpha beta stable
Naming v1alpha1v1alpha2 -> v1beta1v1beta2 -> v1
Purpose Demo-able, works end-to-end but has limitations. Feature not guaranteed to have long-term support. Usable, dependable. Feature intended to be moved to stable when ready where it will receive long-term support. Production-hardened.
API No guarantees on backward compatibility. APIs are versioned. Breaking changes avoided, but assistance provided if necessary. Dependable, production-worthy. APIs are versioned, with automated version conversion for backward compatibility.
Performance Not quantified or guaranteed. Weakly quantified. Monitored, but not guaranteed. Performance (latency/scale) is quantified, documented, with guarantees against regression.
Security Zero Trust applies: Must have some level of protection before being deployed to any publicly accessible endpoint. Alpha level permissions - Likely coarse-grained. Zero Trust applies: Must have some level of protection before being deployed to any publicly accessible endpoint. May be mix of Alpha, beta level permissions - Likely coarse-grained. Zero Trust applies: Must have some level of protection before being deployed to any publicly accessible endpoint. Permissions should be stable. Note that even stable permissions might later be made more or less granular and lost as they are backwards compatible.
Operational Support Reduced Operational Requirements & SLAs. Reduced Operational Requirements & SLAs. Striving for Always available. Upgrades do not cause downtime. Stateless redundancy. No single point of failure. Standard Operational Requirements & SLAs. Generally always available. Upgrades do not cause downtime. Stateless redundancy. No single point of failure.
Deprecation Policy None required, but best practice is to communicate with potential early integrators and set a timeline for deprecation. Weak - 1 month notice until removed unless all usage has been migrated, then will be removed sooner. Will work with teams to prioritize and coordinate deprecation / migration. Dependable, firm. Communicated broadly. At least 6 months notice will be provided before any API will be removed once deprecated.

Version History / Changelog

When a version change is made, a changelog is provided and released in the API documentation. The concepts are based on: https://keepachangelog.com/en/1.1.0/

One change is that we will not use semver, but rather the schema above.

Types of changes

  • Added for new features
  • Changed for changes in existing functionality
  • Deprecated for soon-to-be removed features
  • Removed for now removed features
  • Fixed for any bug fixes
  • Security in case of security and vulnerabilities changes